Greatly increased interregional migration in Latin America




Intraregional migration between Latin America and the Caribbean, particularly among neighboring countries has increased in recent years, although the United States and Canada remain the main focus of attraction for Hispanic immigrants, according to the Third Report of the Continuous Reporting System on International Migration in the Americas (SICREMI 2015).

During the period 2010-2013 international migration to all countries of America increased by 5 percent, and in the case of Latin American and Caribbean migration grew 17 percent a year.

The report also indicated that Spain, a country of key destination for migrants from the region before the economic crisis of 2008, only 30 percent of Latin American and Caribbean migrants abandoned that European country during the rise of matching unemployed with the international crisis .

Last Friday, in Washington, the Organization of American States (OAS) and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) presentararón the third report of the Continuous Reporting System on International Migration in the Americas (SICREMI 2015).

This report presents data from various sources (censuses, surveys, administrative records, etc.) are collected to disseminate information on international migration.

«The SICREMI contributes to the promotion and development of public policies to improve migration management in the Americas through the facilitation of dialogue, cooperation, capacity building and access to information», according to organizers of the presentation, this time could be followed live on the web.

The countries participating in this report are Argentina, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, United States, Guatemala, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Dominican Republic and Uruguay .

Regional integration

Between 2010 and 2013, most immigration in the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean came from neighboring countries and, if the current high rate of growth, this interregional migration almost double in just four years.

«Although it still only represents a quarter of all registered emigration in Latin America and the Caribbean, reflecting the growing economic integration of the region,» says the document.

«Economic growth in the countries of the Americas was generally sustainable over 2011-2013, at somewhat lower levels than in the year of recovery 2010, after the economic crisis of 2008-2009. In effect, growth rates for the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean during this period were on average 4%, almost double that seen in the United States and Canada, «the report said.


Ernesto Chong de León, Ernesto Emilio Chong Coronado